Mendeleev- created the first periodic table using atomic mass and characteristics to sort the elements
Periodic table- table that uses atomic number to organize the elements
Nucleus-the center of an atom
Proton-positive particle of an atom found inside the nucleus
Neutron-neutral particle found inside the nucleus
Electron-negative particle found outside of the nuclues
Atomic Number- how many protons an element has
Atomic Mass- average mass of an element
Symbol- 1 or 2 letters that represent an element
Periods- horizontal rows
Families/groups- vertical columns
Valence electrons- outer orbit electrons
Orbits-what the electrons are contained in
Know how many electrons are in the first three orbits- 2, 8,8
Metals-metals are shiny, hard, ductile, malleable, good conductors, and magnetic
Alloys-2 or more metals mixed together
Nonmetals-exact opposite of metals
Metalloids-have characteristics of both metals and nonmetals

Telll how many valence electrons are in each family and what group number each family is in.

Alkali Metals- one valence electron and is located in group 1
Alkaline earth metals- two valence electrons and located in group 2
Transition elements-groups 3-12
Lanthanides and Actinides- bottom elements
Carbon Family-row 14, 4 valence electrons
Nitrogen Family-row 15,5 valence electrons
Oxygen Family-row 16, 6 valence electrons
Halogen Family-row 17, 7 valence electrons

Noble Gases-row 18, full outer shell of electrons

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